The Achilles tendon is the large tendon at the back of the ankle that connects the heal bone to the calf muscles. Achilles tendinopathy is damage to this tendon primarily due to overuse over a long period of time. Achilles tendonopathy may also we now as “Achilles tendonosis” or “Achilles tendonitis”.
· Pain on the back of the heel bone
· Pain in the Achilles Tendon
· Pain at the start of exercises
· Increased Pain after exercising
· Weakness of the calf muscles
Achilles tendinopathy generally occurs due to an excessive strain placed on the Achilles tendon over a period of time. This is usually due to a poor posture of the foot, or a reduced rigidity of the foot. This leads to the calf muscle having to contract more forcefully. Orthotic insoles that correct this foot posture and improve the rigidity out the foot can decrease the strain on the calf muscles. Orthotic insoles that includes a heel raise may also offload the pressure on the Achilles tendon.
Custom made orthotic insoles have been shown to be more beneficial in the treatment of Achilles tendinopathy than over-the-counter orthotic insoles.